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Kalamata: The Peloponnese: Messinia Prefecture Page Two

the castleHis family built a big castle and had their family tomb installed. When the last of the family died in 1278, the strong fort was bitterly fought over by the Byzantines, Slavs and Turks until the Byzantines triumphed under the standard of Constantine Palaeologue. Castle top left.

The city was forced to pay tribute by the Turks in 1446 and taken by them in 1460. Under the relative peace instilled by the Turkish occupation the city grew rich from its fertile fields and the industry of the inhabitants. After a brief period of Venetian domination the city took part in the Orloff revolt in 1769 and was severely punished by the Turks.

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