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Crete's Archaeological Museum of Herakleion Page Four

Room 5

Mainly from Knossos. Last period of Palace culture (1450-1400 B.C.) Pottery vessels show Mycenaean influence (especially on large pithoi/amphorae) and are not as interesting. This room also contains Egyptian items found at Knossos which reflects trade between Crete and Egypt. Pottery, bronze figurines and seals, including Linear A and B tablets. Clay model of houses form Archanes near Knossos with small rooms and windows to protect dwellers from wind and sun and with roof terrace with tapered columns, commonly found in present-day Cretan villages.

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Finds from same period as Room 5 from Minoan cemeteries (Knossos, Phaestos, Archanes) Small groups of figures found in a beehive-shaped Mycenaean tomb from Phaestos, one of which depicts four men dancing in a circle with their arms on each other's shoulders. A ritual dance possible for a funeral; the group inside a circle decorated with horns. Crudely executed but powerful.

Another with three figures in a room with two columns on the side. All groups show a smaller figure offering two larger seated ones libations. Found in a 1300s tholos tomb at Archanes is the strange display of the bones of a horse, believed to be an animal sacrifice, possibly for some member of royalty buried in the same tomb or, alternatively, for some ritual form of worship.

The animal had been dismembered after slaughter, its parts carefully arranged in the locations where they were found. Jewelry items include gold-work and bead-work-necklaces, signet rings, golden sword hilts. There are also helmets, one's of boar's tusks, another of bronze. The martial character of the latter items attests to the increasing Myceanean influence, which was more warlike than that of the Minoan culture.

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