The midget elephants whose bones were discovered in 1974 became extinct about 4600 BC. The find is in a cave, now closed to the public, at Harkadio.
Erinna, an ancient Greek poet, lived on this island in the 4th Century BC.
Tilos was known for its traditional weaving, and even today some of the island women wear the traditional cloth in their costumes.
Other than these unique facts, the island suffered the same list of invasions and occupations as the rest of the Dodecanese archipelago.
Livadia has only be a settlement since the 1930s, so the houses and buildings are not examples from classical Greece. But, there are a few more modern amenities such as supermarkets there. See more photos of Tilos.